Some helpful links and programs for Macintosh Computers:

CAUTION: BEFORE RUNNING ANY ANTI-VIRUS OR ANTI-MALWARE PROGRAM, BE SURE YOUR IMPORTANT FILES ARE BACKED UP!!!!

   
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Avast Mac Security
is what I use on my Macintosh Computers and you should too! It is also available for WINDOWS PC’s. A lot of people think Macs don’t get infected but that’s just not true. There was a time when there were so few Macs compared to Windows PC’s that they weren’t a big target and nobody was really trying to do them harm. Those days are long gone. While the majority of viruses are still against Windows PC’s, there’s just enough of a threat against Macs that you really need to protect your investment. And this protection is FREE…so the price is right.

Just click on the icon to the left to download and install Avast.

Once installed, you’ll periodically see messages pop up in the upper left corner of your screen indicating that the virus definitions have been updated or, if reading e-mails, that an infection has been blocked.
   
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Sophos Home for Macs
is another FREE and very good Anti-Virus program for Macintosh computers. They also have products for WINDOWS PC’s. It can help protect your computer from viruses, ransomware, malware and browsing potentially dangerous websites. If you have a Mac or a PC, choose an anti-virus program, install it and keep it up-to-date.

Just click on the icon to the left to be taken to the Sophos download page.
  
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Time Machine
is Apple’s Backup program for your Macintosh computer. This is something that Apple got absolutely RIGHT! If you have a Macintosh computer, you need to attach an external hard drive to it and set it up to be your Time Machine backup drive. It is automatic, when you connect an external hard drive to your Macintosh computer it will ask you if you want to use it as your Time Machine backup drive. All you have to do is click YES and, if needed, it will reformat the drive and set it up.

Why should you do this? Because Time Machine backs up your entire computer including all of your programs, files, pictures, music, settings, passwords…everything. And…it’s completely automatic, you don’t have to do anything more than have your computer turned ON with the Time Machine drive connected. As long as the drive is connected, your Macintosh will back up everything that’s changed every hour.

If your hard drive crashes or you lose your computer, if it’s stolen, or carried off to the Emerald City with Dorothy, all you have to do is fix or replace your computer, connect your Time Machine Backup drive to the new computer and when you power it up for the first time it will ask you if you have a Time Machine backup you want to restore from. You just say yes and before you know it, your new or repaired computer is back to looking exactly the way it looked before the mishap…and you are back in business.

How big should the backup drive be? Well that depends on how big your internal drive is and how much of it is being used. If you have a 1 TB hard drive in your Mac, get a 2 TB or larger backup drive. So, basically get a backup drive that’s twice the size of your internal drive or larger.
  
On-Line Backup
   
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Carbonite
is an economical cloud-based backup company supporting both Macintosh and Windows computers. For Macintosh users the plans are limited to he Basic for $59.99/yr. For just $5/month you get unlimited cloud storage for 1 computer, automatic and secure cloud backup, free support and the ability to access and share files remotely.

I’ve been using Carbonite.com for many years to provide me with backup of all of my Macintosh and Windows computers. I’ve never had any issues and it’s saved me many times. It is completely automatic, all you have to do after installing it, is have your computer connected to the Internet.

I still use local backup, like Time Machine on my Macintosh computers but I also use Carbonite so that if anything happens, like my house being relocated to Oz, I won’t lose my important files. If your computer and backup drive are in the same place, you have a single point of failure and could still lose everything. But, it your important files are also stored somewhere out there in the cloud far away from your location, then you won’t lose them.

Two really important things to remember are:

1) Carbonite is NOT an archival backup system, it simply keeps a copy of the files that are on your computer right now. If you delete a file from your computer, it will be deleted from your Carbonite backup in 30 days. You use other means like Apple’s Time Machine to keep files for possible restoration long after they’ve been deleted from your computer.

2) Carbonite for Macintosh only backs up the files on your internal hard drive, it won’t back up files on an external drive. And it only backs up your files, it does not back up your programs.

   
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Dropbox
is not an active online backup like Carbonite but it is another way to protect your important files by placing them out there in the Cloud so they are somewhere safely far away from your computer. Unlike Carbonite, however, Dropbox stores files even if you subsequently delete them from your computer. In addition, with a Business Dropbox account, they offer unlimited storage. You initially get 200 MB of storage but all you have to do is send them an e-mail and tell them you need extra storage and how much you need and you get it. I told them I needed 5 TB of storage and I got it and it doesn’t cost me a penny more.

It also can be used to share very large files with other people. Simply upload the file and then send a link to the people you want to have it and they can view or download the file through that link.

The main problem I have with Dropbox is how slow it is to upload files. It appears they throttle the upload speed making it take a long time to get large files uploaded. I have a very fast Internet link but when I try to upload a large video file, it can take over 8 hours to upload just one file.